There seems to be a lot of misunderstanding about how one may replace something as powerful and gigantic as a State. Some people think this can be achieved by violence. Some people think this can be achieved solely by education. Others think this can be achieved solely by trading goods outside the State’s eye.
First, it must be understood that it is logically impossible to achieve Anarchy by violence. Why? Any Anarchist revolutionary who uses violence against the State most likely believes two things:
1. That his use of violence is legitimate.
2. That the State’s use of violence is illegitimate.
Well, you see, that is the exact definition of the State: an entity whose violence is made legitimate, and that makes every other form of violence illegitimate. If these revolutionaries win, they logically become the new State. In fact, this is what we observe in any revolution: the revolutionaries, having won, establish themselves as the new tyrants, with more force than ever. No Anarchy could possibly be achieved by those means.
You also can’t achieve Anarchy with the other two options. If you just educate people, but present no alternative, no space for people to join, then nothing can happen and the State will have all the leeway to repress those ideas once they become too dangerous. If you trade on black markets, take away State revenue, but do nothing else, then you will end up in a situation like that in the book Alongside Night: a perpetual war between the black market and the State, where the latter has all the guns and all the legitimacy. Taken in isolation, neither of these are the one solution.
But taken together, they form a solution. The two parts of this solution are:
1. Spread awareness of its true nature, get people to take a stance against it, create more and more resistance to the State’s ideology, drop out of the system, refuse to pay taxes, refuse to follow the law, refuse to rely on the State, and finally, simply ignore it.
2. At the same time, using counter-economics to create a “safe space” for the ideas to grow and the market to grow, without State suppression. This will create the basis of the new society when it is needed.
Now you can see how such a revolution would function: both sides have to work in synergy. You not only take away money from the State, but you also channel it towards constructive purposes. At the same time that you grow resistance, you also grow a space for that resistance to live in, an example for people to follow.